Vol.12 No.1 - March 2004

Otaki estuary, north of Wellington, one of a wide variety around New Zealand’s coastline. A major research effort is investigating the efffects of increasing sediment inputs in many estuaries. In this issue “How will habitat change affect intertidal animals in estuaries?” focuses on forecasting long-term effects, and identifying very sensitive areas and habitats.

In this issue

  • (no image provided)

    The unknown marine asellote isopod crustaceans of New Zealand

    PDF of this article (143 KB)
    Kelly Merrin New Zealand’s waters, especially the deep sea, remain one of the world’s reserves of yet-to-be discovered biodiversity.
    A new species of Joeropsis (Joeropsididae) taken from coralline turf algae collected from Island Bay, Wellington. (Photo: K. Merrin)
    It has been said that more is known about outer space than the depths of our oceans. So it’s not surprising that the huge diversity of deep-ocean habitats may not be appreciated as much as, for example, the Amazon rainforest.
  • (no image provided)

    Do invertebrates enjoy caviar too?

    PDF of this article (94 KB)
    Cindy Baker
    Video monitoring is helping to solve the mystery of the diappearing inanga eggs.
    The inanga, Galaxias maculatus, is the main species in New Zealand’s recreational and commercial whitebait fishery. Like many fish in the genus Galaxias, inanga lay their eggs on riverbanks. The eggs are deposited amongst intertidal vegetation during spring tides and they are re-immersed only during floods or on the following spring tide.
  • (no image provided)

    Measuring stream network connectivity: how close is close enough?

    PDF of this article (660 KB)
    Kevin Collier
    Ude Shankar
    Peter Smith
    The success of stream restoration projects may depend on understanding the links between landscape patchiness and aquatic insect dispersal.
    New Zealand’s landscape has become highly fragmented over the last century with the clearance of large tracts of forest and the conversion of land to pasture. The remaining patches of forest are often isolated from each other, and populations of some sensitive terrestrial animals have suffered as a result.
  • (no image provided)

    Shortfin eels in Te Waihora

    PDF of this article (573 KB)
    Dave Kelly
    Don Jellyman
    What is causing slow growth of young shortfin eels in Te Waihora?
    Adult shortfin eels. (Photo: D. Jellyman)
    Te Waihora (Lake Ellesmere) is one of the largest lakes in New Zealand and has long been recognised as a valuable fishery and wildlife resource. There are large populations of waterfowl, as well as eels and flounder.
  • (no image provided)

    How will habitat change affect intertidal animals in estuaries?

    PDF of this article (335 KB)
    Jane Halliday
    Simon Thrush
    Judi Hewitt
    Greig Funnell
    Climate change has been predicted to make our estuaries muddier. How will this affect the species living within the sediment?
    Collecting samples in Kawhia estuary. (Photo: J. Ellis)
    Increasing inputs of mud are probably one of the most serious threats to our estuaries. A range of research projects has looked at the effects of excess fine sediment on individual estuarine animals and animal communities.
  • (no image provided)

    Buying time for New Zealand's lakes: learning to read lake history

    PDF of this article (381 KB)
    Michael Reid
    Clues about conditions in lakes are hidden in the lake sediments.
    Lake Paringa (Photo: M. Reid)
    How have New Zealand lakes changed since European-style agricultural practices began in New Zealand? This is basic information needed by lake managers and researchers aiming to preserve or restore lake ecosystems. For most lakes, we don’t even know how they have changed over the past 5–10 years: only a few lakes have been monitored regularly for 5 years or more.
  • (no image provided)

    Hang on to your haptera: studies in a kelp forest

    PDF of this article (210 KB)
    Ian Hawes
    Wendy Nelson
    Steve Mercer
    Lessonia variegata is the dominant kelp on many wave-exposed New Zealand rocky reefs. How does this plant do so well in such rough conditions?
    The trade-offs of life in a kelp forest in the ocean are a little like those in forests on land. To be a winner you need to get your photosynthetic tissues up into the canopy and make space for yourself. But the bigger you get the more vulnerable you are to catastrophe during violent storms.
  • (no image provided)

    NIWA news forum

    On this page
    February’s phenomenal flood
    NASA helps with measuring phytoplankton growth
    Society for Conservation Biology (Marine Section) presidency
    Where do larvae come from and where do they go?
    The ecology of a disappearing river
    That’s our buoy!
    Estuary fish survey goes south
    New snails in New Zealand
    UV measurement: an international comparison
    Recent publications by NIWA staff
    February’s phenomenal flood
    Inundated areas remaining on 24 February 2004 west of Palmerston North.
  • (no image provided)

    Winds, waves, and recovery from sedimentation in estuaries

    PDF of this article (269 KB)
    Carolyn Lundquist
    Sara Hatton
    Can estuaries recover from sedimentation? Models and field experiments are starting to provide some answers.
    There is little doubt that New Zealand’s estuaries are getting muddier (see “How will habitat change affect intertidal animals in estuaries?”). Several research projects have examined the direct effects of fine sediment on the animals that live in estuaries (for example, see “Determining impacts on marine ecosystems” in an earlier issue of Water & Atmosphere).
  • (no image provided)

    Wood in streams: how much is good for fish?

    PDF of this article (326 KB)
    Dave Rowe
    Joshua Smith
    Bredna Baillie
    Mark Meleason
    From a fish’s point of view, logging debris in streams can be good or bad. A series of studies is aimed at finding the right balance.
    Fallen trees and branches can create pools and backwaters in streams – the perfect home for some native fish. But too much wood can have the opposite effect. It can block small streams completely. In larger streams, wood-debris dams can blow out when the stream floods.