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NZ estuaries

Over the past decade, NIWA has published many popular articles that deal with estuaries, mainly in its magazine Water & Atmosphere.

Included in these articles is information on how estuaries work, the problems they are affected by, and some solutions to those problems. This overview is intended to bring together and make whole sense of the information published to date in the various popular articles.

The target audience is the layperson, such as individuals who have come together in community groups to find ways to deal with particular issues. The purpose is to inform, and thereby empower individuals and groups to act. Specialists might find something of interest in here as well in the way the information is brought together.

How to use this resource:

  • You will find links throughout this overview to the original articles. Each link will take you to an online version. After you’ve read an article, just use your browser’s Back button to return to this overview.
  • A few of the original articles are not available online. In these cases, a PDF is provided. Just follow the download instructions that appear when you click on any of the PDF links.
  • This overview can also be downloaded as a full-version PDF that includes all the original articles or as a shorter version with just the overview and a list of the articles.

Full version, including all original articles PDF (PDF 9.4 MB)

Short version, with overview and a list of articles (PDF 920 KB)

Additional text by Mark Morrison and Anne-Maree Schwarz. All articles reproduced with permission. Support from the Foundation for Research, Science & Technology is acknowledged (Effects-Based Protection and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, C01X0307).

How to cite this overview:

Green, M.O. (2006). New Zealand's estuaries: how they work and the issues that affect them. NIWA Information Series, No. 59, ISSN 1174-264X.

Te Puna Estuary, Tauranga. (Hailes 2010)


This page has been marked as archived, and is here for historical reference only.

Information provided may be out of date, and you are advised to check for newer sources in this section.

This content may be removed at a later date.