Workshop documents

There are a number of documents that participants may wish to be familiar with prior to the workshop. Please see the list below for some recommended reading. 

Mitigation measures

VAN DOVER, C. L., ARONSON, J.,PENDLETON, L., SMITH, S., ARNAUD-HAOND, S., MORENO-MATEOS, D., BARBIER, E., BILLETT, D., BOWERS, K., DANOVARO, R., EDWARDS, A., KELLERT, S., MORATO, T., POLLARD, E., ROGERS, A. & WARNER, R. 2014. Ecological restoration in the deep sea: Desiderata. Marine Policy, 44, 98-106.

VAN DOVER, C. L., SMITH, C. R., ARDRON, J., DUNN, D., GJERDE, K., LEVIN, L. & SMITH, S. 2012. Designating networks of chemosynthetic ecosystem reserves in the deep sea. Marine Policy, 36, 378-381.

WEDDING, L. M., FRIEDLANDER, A. M., KITTINGER, J. N., WATLING, L., GAINES, S. D., BENNETT, M., HARDY, S. M. & SMITH, C. R. 2013. From principles to practice: a spatial approach to systematic conservation planning in the deep sea. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280.

Review papers

BOSCHEN, R. E., ROWDEN, A. A., CLARK, M. R. & GARDNER, J. P. A. 2013. Mining of deep-sea seafloor massive sulfides: A review of the deposits, their benthic  communities, impacts from mining, regulatory frameworks and management strategies. Ocean & Coastal Management, 84, 54-67.

SECRETARIAT OF THE PACIFIC COMMUNITY 2013. Deep Sea Minerals: Sea-Floor Massive Sulphides, a physical, biological, environmental, and technical review. Baker, E., and Beaudoin, Y. (Eds.) Vol. 1A, Secretariat of the Pacific Community.

VAN DOVER, C. L. 2011. Mining seafloor massive sulphides and biodiversity: what is at risk? ICES Journal of Marine Science, 68, 341-348.


INTERNATIONAL MARINE MINERALS SOCIETY. 2011. Code for Environmental Management of Marine Mining.


INTERNATIONAL SEABED AUTHORITY. 2007. Polymetallic Sulphides and Cobalt-Rich Ferromanganese Crusts Deposits: Establishment of Environmental Baselines and an Associated Monitoring Programme During Exploration. International Seabed Authority Workshop, 2007 2004 Kingston, Jamaica. Kingston, Jamaica.

INTERNATIONAL SEABED AUTHORITY 2010. Decision of the Assembly of the International Seabed Authority relating to the regulations on prospecting and exploration for polymetallic sulphides in the Area. In: INTERNATIONAL SEABED AUTHORITY (ed.) ISBA-16A-12Rev1. Kingston, Jamaica.

INTERNATIONAL SEABED AUTHORITY 2011. Environmental Management of Deep-Sea Chemosynthetic Ecosystems: Justification of and Considerations for a Spatially-Based Approach. ISA Technical Study Series. Kingston, Jamaica: International Seabed Authority.

INTERNATIONAL SEABED AUTHORITY 2012. Environmental Management Needs for Exploration and Exploitation of Deep Sea Minerals. ISA Technical Study Series. Kingston, Jamaica: International Seabed Authority.

Case studies

COLLINS, P. C., KENNEDY, R. & VAN DOVER, C. L. 2012. A biological survey method applied to seafloor massive sulphides (SMS) with contagiously distributed hydrothermal-vent fauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 452, 89-107.

GWYTHER, D. 2008. Environmental impact statement, Solwara 1 project, Nautilus Minerals Niugini Limited, Main Report Brisbane: Coffey Natural Systems.

Previous VentBase outputs

COLLINS, P. C., CROOT, P., CARLSSON, C., COLACO, A., GREHAN, A., HYEONG, K., KENNEDY, R., MOHN, C., SMITH, S., YAMAMOTO, H. & ROWDEN, A. 2013a. A primer for the Environmental Impact Assessment of mining at seafloor massive sulfide deposits. Marine Policy, 42, 198-209.

COLLINS, P. C., KENNEDY, R., J., C., BOSCHEN, R., FORDE, J., SE-JONG, J., LINDSAY, D., MARSH, L., NYE, V., PATTERSON, A., WATANABE, H., YAMAMOTO, H., CARLSSON, J. & THALER, A. D. 2013b. VentBase: Developing a consensus among stakeholders in the deep-sea regarding environmental impact assessment for deep-sea mining. Marine Policy, 42, 334-336.  

The majority of documents are available online with open access, if you have problems accessing any of the material please contact Rachel Boschen.