Climate Update is a summary each month of New Zealand's climate, including soil moisture and river flows.

January 2004 – Number 55

December’s climate: December was exceptionally dry along the east coast of the South Island. Air temperatures were above average over much of the country.

December’s river flows: Streamflows extremely low in the north, east, and south of the South Island

Soil moisture levels: Dry soils extending into the deep south.

Three month outlook: Normal or below normal rainfall is expected in most regions, with average or above temperatures.

Checkpoint: How well are we doing with our predictions?

Backgrounder: What does “normal” mean in Climatology?

This issue of the Climate Update is available as a PDF.