Climate Update is a summary each month of New Zealand's climate, including soil moisture and river flows.

November 2003 – Number 53

October’s climate: October was sunny and cool. The month started wet but was dry and settled from mid month. Streamflows were high in much of the North Island.

October’s river flows: October streamflows were above average for many North Island rivers.

Soil moisture levels: Soil moisture levels near average.

Three month outlook: Rainfall is expected to be normal or below normal for the eastern North Island, and normal or above normal for the western South Island, with normal rainfalls elsewhere.

Checkpoint: How well are we doing with our predictions?

Backgrounder: Occurrence of major harmfull algal blooms in New Zealand: is there a link with climate variations?

This issue of the Climate Update is available as a PDF.