Climate Update is a summary each month of New Zealand's climate, including soil moisture and river flows.

October 2003 – Number 52

September’s climate: September was wild and wet, warm in the north and cool in the south. Streamflows were high in much of the North Island and some South Island regions.

September’s river flows: Flows were above normal for most North Island rivers.

Soil moisture levels: Soil moisture levels at field capacity in most places.

Three month outlook: Late spring is expected to be mild.

Checkpoint: How well are we doing with our predictions?

Backgrounder: A drought index based in river flows.

This issue of the Climate Update is available as a PDF.