Climate Update is a summary each month of New Zealand's climate, including soil moisture and river flows.
October’s climate: The coldest October since 1982. The month was drier than normal and extremely sunny, with low stream flows over much of the country.
October’s river flows: October streamflows mostly low.
Soil moisture levels: East coast soils were generally drier than normal by the end of October.
Three month outlook: El Niño increases the risk of dry east coast weather and cool conditions over southern regions.
Checkpoint: How well are we doing with our predictions?
Backgrounder: Blowing the other way – for the moment. Team NZ meteorologist comments on El Niño racing conditions.
This issue of the Climate Update is available as a PDF.