Climate Update is a summary each month of New Zealand's climate, including soil moisture and river flows.

October 2002 – Number 40

September’s climate: Mild; dry in the east and wet in the west; windy.

September’s river flows: September streamflows varied.

Soil moisture levels: Conditions in the North Island were near normal at the end of September, the area of soil moisture deficit in eastern and northern South Island regions has shrunk slightly.

Three month outlook: Warmer than normal in the North Island and the east of the South Island.

Checkpoint: How well are we doing with our predictions?

Backgrounder: Teleconnections, Linkages between disconnected climate anomalies.

This issue of the Climate Update is available as a PDF.