Climate Update is a summary each month of New Zealand's climate, including soil moisture and river flows.
June’s climate: The third warmest June on record was accompanied by floods and snow.
June’s river flows: June flows were above normal for most of the country.
Soil moisture levels: Above average rainfalls during June reduced or eliminated remaining root zone soil moisture deficits in most parts of the country.
Three month outlook: Generally warmer than average, but winter's typical cold outbreaks not ruled out.
Checkpoint: How well are we doing with our predictions?
Backgrounder: Winter smog – Meteorological and topographical factors.
This issue of the Climate Update is available as a PDF.