Climate Update is a summary each month of New Zealand's climate, including soil moisture and river flows.
October's climate: October rainfalls were high and well distributed – just what was needed in many of the drier parts of the country.
October's river flows: Flows improved in some areas.
Soil moisture levels: Soil moisture levels significantly improved.
Three month outlook: Rainfall and air temperatures are expected to be average to above average in most places, signalling a good start to summer for agriculture.
Checkpoint: How well are we doing with our predictions?
Backgrounder: Total New Zealand hydro lake inflows for the year 2001 to the end of October have been the lowest in 20 years.
This issue of the Climate Update is available as a PDF.